LABORATORY OF CHEMISTRY AND NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGY

COLLECTIVE OF PHYSIOLOGY

  • improve animal product (milk, meat, eggs) quality and safety according to the current regulations, processor demands and consumer preferences;
    expertise gained in projects on: improve the fatty acids profile, reduce the cholesterol level, functional foods, reduce the food chain contaminants, antioxidants, etc.;
  • alleviate the environmental impact of animal production
    expertise gained in projects on: reduce nitrogen excretion in ruminants, reduce phosphorus excretion in poultry, reduce copper and zinc excretion in pigs, etc.;
  • continuous revaluation of the nutritive value of the forage resources
    expertise gained in projects on: evaluation of the new lines/varieties of forage plants, evaluation of new by-products, or of by-products specific to Romania, etc.;
  • development of functional foods beneficial to human health
    expertise gained in projects on: feeds formulation optimisation in terms of vitamin E/selenium/fatty acids ratio, to improve broiler carcass quality; optimization of the nutritional factors in order to produce consumer eggs enriched in ? : 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids; increase milk level of polyunsaturated fatty acids;
  • increase the efficiency of feed utilization
    expertise gained in projects on: research on the ruminal metabolism (proteolysis, microbial protein synthesis, acidosis), on the absorption processes in monogastric animals (vitamins, minerals), etc.;
  • improve animal welfare
    expertise gained in projects on: effect of the temperature variations and methods of control; collateral effects of the intensive feeding; novel methods and techniques for poultry rearing making use of anolytes and catolytes to improve product quality and ensure sanitary veterinary protection;
  • natural alternatives to the classical sources of minerals and vitamins
    expertise gained in projects on: interdisciplinary research on the use of morus sp. in poultry production;
  • use of experimental animal models to study nutrition diseases in humans
    expertise gained in projects on: experimental model for the study of nutrient (Ca, B, phytosterols) availability and their influence on bone mineralization in pigs, scientific support for the study of osteoporosis; celiac disease: research on the incidence and diagnosis; provision of fortified flour products � medicine for the ,,long - life dietetic treatment.

 

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COLLECTIVE OF CHEMISTRY

  • rapid evaluation of the nutritive value of animal feeds
    expertise gained in projects on: methodological model for the control of the feeding qualities for fat-rich feed ingredients;
  • development of chemical methods for feeds and animals foods quality checking expertise gained in projects on: development of the methods to evaluate the ingredients of the protein-vitamin-mineral concentrates for farm animals; development of a methodological design to measure the quality of the cereal grains used to manufacture concentrate feeds; quality evaluation of the protein-vitamin-mineral concentrates used in pig feeding; complex researches to determine biochemical markers specific to the regional dairy products
  • establishment and development of a system of methods for the studies of digestibility and bioavailability of the nutrients from different feed sources
    expertise gained in projects on: development of a set for the evaluation of ruminant feeds; set of chemical methods for the fast evaluation of the soybean meal protein digestibility
  • participation in interlaboratory surveys on the chemical composition of the forages
    experienta acumulata in teste de performanta:
    • Trace elements determination (Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn, Pb si Cd) from samples of medicinal herbs used in weaned piglets (10- 30 kg) feeding
    • Measure the phosphorus from the monocalcium phosphate for veterinary use - 7/27.04.2008
    • Design for interlaboratory analysis to determine Pb from the zinc oxide used as feed ingredient - 5/15.12.2006
  • development and improvement of the methods to determine the polluting heavy metals in feeds
    experienta acumulata in teste de performanta: determination in mineral raw ingredients and in different plants
  • quality checking of the feed ingredients and finished feeds manufactured in the pilot station of IBNA and by external beneficiaries

Equipment for research activity

COLLECTIVE OF PHYSIOLOGY:

  • digestibility stands for large ruminants (cattle, buffaloes) - 8 stands;
  • digestibility cages for small ruminants (sheep, goats) - 10 cages;
  • digestibility cages for pigs - 10 cages;
  • battery cages for layers and broilers for digestibility experiments;
  • experimental surgery facilities (fistulas, catheters, etc.);
  • air-controlled rooms for experiments on pigs and poultry;
  • animals with ruminal fistulas (cows, wethers);
  • metabolic chambers for large ruminants (2 chambers) to evaluate the environmental impact of animal production.

COLLECTIVE OF CHEMISTRY:

No. Equipment / apparatus Measurement
1
Foss Tecator Kjeltec 2300 - Protein
concentration
2
Foss Tecator Soxtec 2055 - Fat
concentration
3
Foss Tecator Fiber Tec 2010 - Cellulose
concentration
4
HPLC PerkinElmer
absorbance
5
HPLC Termo Electron
absorbance
6
Gas Chromatograph Perkin Elmer Clarus 500
absorbance
7
Gas Chromatograph Varian
absorbance
8
Rotavapors
concentration
9
Fluorimetru
fluorescence
10
Spectrometer with atomic absorption
absorbance
11
Spectrophotometer UV-VIS V530
absorbance
12
pH-metre ionLab
pH
13
Distiller Mili-Q
distillate
14
Calcination ovens
temperature
15
Centrifuges
rotation
16
Scales: Sartorius si Kern
mass
17
Sample homogenizers
homogenising
18
Sand bath: Falc
heating
19
Water bath: Julabo, Memmert, GFL Gesellschaft
heating
20
Stoves: ITM; Falc; Pol-Eko; Eccocel; UNE
heating
21
Electric bath for mineralization
heating
22
Magnetic stirrers
homogenising
23
Fume chambers
fume exhaustion
24
Laboratory mill Retsch Grindomix
sample grinding

 

 

Dr. eng. chem. Margareta OLTEANU

SR II, Head of Laboratory' substitute
Curriculum Vitae

 

 

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